Garam masala and curry powder are both blends of spices, but are very different ingredients.
The easiest way to see how they’re different is with a table:
|Curry powder||Garam Masala|
|Added to the food…||Usually while cooking||Right at the end after a dish is cooked|
|Most common ingredients…||Cardamom
(and sometimes more)
Is Curry Powder a Good Substitute for Garam Masala?
Both curry powder and garam masala have quite distinct tastes.
That being said, they both go well with the same types of meal, so curry powder is a decent substitute in a pinch.
However, the recipe as a whole will taste different than it’s meant to (not necessarily in a bad way).
How Are They Different?
You can see from the table at the beginning that curry powders are made from a wider range of ingredients than garam masala powders.
I only listed the most popular, but there are around 20 spices that often go into curries.
The relative amount of ingredients in each spice blend is also different. Curry typically uses a lot of turmeric, which is responsible for the yellow color and a distinct taste.
Not All Curry Powder or Garam Masala Are the Same
The next time you go shopping, take a look at the ingredients of 2 different curry powders.
The ingredients are almost certainly different.
There’s no one “right” recipe for either spice blend, because many variations of the spices taste great.
One advantage of making your own powder instead of buying in bulk is that you can make a new flavor each time if you’d like.
Here is a basic recipe for each to get you started if you’re interested in making your own: