The short answer is that you can’t directly substitute almond flour for wheat flour in most recipes.
However, you can adapt recipes fairly easily (essentially creating a new one) that uses almond flour instead of wheat.
Note that this really only works in things like cookies and pancakes. You can’t make a nice fluffy bread with almond flour like you could with wheat.
How To Substitute Almond Flour For Wheat Flour
The main reason you can’t just replace a cup of wheat for almond flour is because of how they interact with liquids.
Let’s look at a few simple pancake recipes that I often make to illustrate this.
|Wheat Pancakes||Almond Flour Pancakes|
|1 cup wheat flour||1 cup almond flour|
|1 cup almond milk||1/4 cup almond milk|
|1 tbsp baking powder||1 tsp baking powder|
|1/4 teaspoon salt||1/4 teaspoon salt|
|1 tbsp ground flax||1 tbsp ground flax|
|1 tsp vanilla extract||1 tsp vanilla extract|
|1 tbsp oil||1 tbsp oil|
There are 2 big things you need to do to adapt a recipe:
- Way less liquid (approximately a quarter) – Add liquid at the end, as slowly as possible until you end up with a good texture (which takes experience to learn).
- Less baking powder – Since baking powder activates (“rises”) when it combines with liquid, you need less since you have less liquid.
- Tip: Use almond flour, not almond meal. Almond flour is finer, mixes better, and is a bit lighter.
Again, keep in mind that this won’t result in a perfect adaptation. The original wheat recipe will almost always taste better.
You can experiment over time and tweak your recipes so that they taste better, but it will likely never taste as good (especially for recipes that are supposed to be “fluffy”, since almond flour is more dense).