Purines from food are broken down into uric acid in the body.
In normal amounts, this is no problem, but in some cases, it can lead to conditions like gout.
It’s one of the reasons that some people don’t want to eat too much tofu.
This isn’t a huge issue on a vegan diet since most foods high in purines are animal products, but if you have a good reason to limit your intake, the data below on this page will help.
Vegan Foods High in Purines to Avoid
You can’t look up purine content like you can for common nutrients like vitamin C or iron.
However, some studies have researched and published values for different foods.
This study in particular summed up the work of many others. I’ve summarized the total purine content for all the vegan foods it listed in the table below.
- A very large amount of purines is considered more than 300 mg/100 g
- A large amount of purines is considered between 200-300 mg/100 g
|Foodstuffs||Part||Total Purines (mg/100 g)|
|Fermented soybean (Natto)||113.9|
|Azuki bean (dried)||77.6|
|White radish sprouts||73.2|
|Bamboo shoot||Upper part||63.3|
|Sprouts (with bean)||57.3|
|Soy sauce||Light color||55.3|
|Bean curd lees (Okara)||48.6|
|Soy sauce||Dark color||45.2|
|Japanese leek (negi)||41.4|
|Perilla leaves (shiso)||41.4|
|Rice (with the bud)||34.5|
|Tofu (Momen, chilled)||31.1|
|Bamboo shoot||Lower part||30.8|
|Flour (bread flour)||25.8|
|Flour (pastry flour)||25.8|
|Tofu (Momen, 3 min boiled)||21.9|
|Garlic chives (nira)||19.4|
|Flour (cake flour)||15.7|
|Balsam pear (goya)||9.9|
|Japanese ginger (myoga)||7.8|
There are only 5 foods on the list that were either “high” or “very high” in purines.
Both Nori and Wakame is a type of seaweed.
Considering it’s hard to eat a lot of parsley, that’s not much of a concern either.
But the other 2 are more interesting.
Only frozen tofu was very high in purines. Other forms of tofu ranked much lower. I would assume this is because freezing tofu changes its structure.
The other food high in purines was dried shiitake mushrooms. Note that several mushroom varieties were listed in the study, all fairly high in purines, but I didn’t include them because I didn’t want a large part of the list to be the same type of food.
The majority of vegan foods are low in purines, so if you’d like to eat a vegan low purine diet, it shouldn’t be hard.