When most people switch to a vegan diet, they feel more energetic, or at least similar to how they felt before.
But the adjustment is a lot harder for some.
I see posts and comments often of vegans who report that they often feel tired, dizzy, weak, or hungry.
In most cases, there’s an obvious issue with their diet that is easy to fix. I urge you not to give up if you’re experiencing these symptoms.
There are 7 common causes of fatigue on a vegan diet. I’m going to explain how they cause tiredness, and the solution to each.
Table of Contents
1. Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies
When you switch to a new diet that’s more restrictive than what you’re used to, it’s easy to miss out on important vitamins and minerals.
There are 5 vitamins and minerals that have been linked to fatigue:
- Vitamin D (specifically D3) – Fish and milk both contain large amounts of vitamin D. If you switch to a vegan diet during months where you don’t get much sun, and don’t take a vitamin D supplement, it may cause fatigue.
- Vitamin B12 – Healthy B12 stores last for years, so it’s rarely the issue, but it’s possible for a B12 deficiency to cause fatigue. Here’s a detailed guide to vitamin B12.
- Magnesium – A deficiency can cause fatigue, but it’s unlikely on a vegan diet.
- Iodine – Easy to find on both vegan and non-vegan diets. But if you’re lacking, an iodine deficiency will cause thyroid issues, and result in chronic fatigue. Seaweed or iodized salt is an easy fix for this.
- Iron – A healthy vegan diet should have plenty of iron (lentils, beans, nuts), but it’s possible that you’re not eating much of those (women also need higher amounts). A lack of iron can cause anemia, which will not only cause fatigue, but also other symptoms like dizziness, or even heart palpitations.
So how do you diagnose a deficiency rather than just guessing?
There are 2 main options.
If that’s not possible, use a food tracker for a week or so. A free one that I use is Cronometer.
After setting up an account that takes into account your size, weight, and gender, you add in all the food you eat each day.
After a week, go to the reports tab of your account, and it will clearly show if you’re significantly lacking in any critical vitamin or mineral.
Alternatively, do some manual calculations of your daily intake of each vitamin and mineral, and then compare your intake to the recommended daily amounts.
2. You’re Short on Protein
It’s not hard to get enough protein on a vegan diet, but it’s certainly harder than on an omnivorous diet.
Protein is especially important if you workout, as you’ll need extra to repair damaged muscle tissue. Studies have shown that a sufficient protein intake reduces fatigue.
Current scientific literature dictates that you should have a protein intake of 1.4–2.2 grams per kg of bodyweight if physically active.
For a 70 kg (~155 lb) person, that’s 98-154 grams of protein a day. Keep in mind that if you are not too active, you don’t need this much.
In my experience, if you’re not eating a decent amount of legumes and lentils, it’s tough to hit this target.
This is often an issue with new vegans (it was for me), because you might not be used to eating those foods often. Here is a huge list of high protein vegan recipes that should make it easier.
Alternatively, you could also start incorporating a vegan protein powder into your diet for convenience. They take seconds to make, can taste good, and instantly give you 20-30 grams of protein.
3. You Forgot About The Omega 3s
We’ve known for a long time that omega 3 fatty acids are important for good health.
Studies have linked low omega 3 levels to chronic fatigue syndrome.
Most people can only name one good source of omega 3s off the top of their head – fish.
If you haven’t specifically tried to include vegan omega 3 sources into your diet, you’re likely deficient.
The absolute best vegan omega 3 sources are:
- Chia seeds
- Flax seeds
- Hemp seeds
It’s easy to sprinkle these on most meals, especially salads and cereals.
4. You’re Eating Too Much “Junk” Food
Everyone always thinks that vegans are healthy until they actually become vegan.
It’s very easy to eat nothing but unhealthy junk food that happens to be vegan:
- Non-dairy ice cream
- Vegan gummies
- Chips (many varieties are vegan)
Even many “fake meats” aren’t particularly healthy and shouldn’t be a staple of your diet.
Take an honest look at how well you’ve actually been eating since the switch.
5. It’s Psychological
This goes both ways. Some people switch to a vegan diet expecting to feel dramatically lighter and more energetic, and genuinely feel that they are. This is a placebo.
Other’s expect that they’ll be weaker, more tired, and sick. This is a nocebo.
Your mind is good at making these expectations become a reality if you let them.
The tricky part is that there’s no easy way to fix a nocebo, even if you recognize you have one.
The best way to attempt to deal with one is to realize it, and try to look at your diet from a different perspective.
For example, if you came in expecting to feel weak from a lack of protein, spend extra time researching and preparing high protein meals. This should allow you to expect to feel like your normal, energetic self.
6. You’re Under-Eating
So many people accidentally lose weight on a vegan diet because it’s easy to eat less than you’re used to.
You take out a bunch of foods, and then don’t replace them with a significant amount of vegan foods.
It can also be tough at first to eat enough because foods like vegetables and beans are very filling. You will get used to it in time as you eat more of them, although I understand the struggle at first.
Again, using a food tracker like Cronometer will tell you if you’re way under the caloric intake you should have.
7. You’re Stressed
It’s important to realize that while diet is a common cause of fatigue, it’s not the only one.
Stress can cause adrenal fatigue, as can sickness, a lack of sleep, or depression.
It’s normal to have periods of life where you’re just a bit tired, and it may just coincide with your diet switch.
Reflect on recent events and changes in your life other than your diet switch. Could any of those be causing fatigue?
Switching to a vegan diet isn’t something that’s been rigorously studied, and can be very difficult.
It’s uncommon, and it’s going to come with obstacles.
But you can overcome them if you’re willing to put in extra work critiquing your diet and life.
Just about all cases of fatigue on a vegan diet will fall under one of those 7 issues we looked at in this post.
Now it’s your turn to take action and (hopefully) get rid of your fatigue once and for all.